What Is Java?
Designed by Sun Microsystems
Originally developed by Sun Microsystems, Inc., Java is a platform and an object-oriented programming language. It was created by James Gosling for use in consumer electronics. Because of the robustness and platform-independent nature of the language, Java soon moved beyond the consumer electronics industry and found a home on the World Wide Web. Java is a platform, which means that it is a complete development and deployment environment.
Java contains a broad set of predefined classes that contain attributes and methods that handle most of the fundamental requirements of programs. Window management, input/output, and network communication classes are included in the Java Development Kit (JDK). The class library makes Java programming significantly easier and faster to develop when compared with other languages. JDK also contains several utilities to facilitate development processes. These utilities handle operations such as debugging, deployment, and documentation.